What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol belongs to the body’s fats, lipids, which have a variety of functions in the body, for example, the importance of thermal insulation, energy stores and production of important hormones.
Often you hear of “bad” LDL and “good” HDL cholesterol. This is because high levels of LDL may contribute to atherosclerosis and ultimately cardiovascular disease, while HDL cholesterol has a protective function and helps to remove excessive levels of bad cholesterol.
Desirable level and goals for treatment:
Total cholesterol: <5.0 mmol / l
LDL cholesterol: <3.0 mmol / l
Indicators of increased risk for cardiovascular disease:
Triglycerides> 1.7 mmol / l
HDL cholesterol: <1.0 mmol /l for men and <1.3 mmol /l for women.
High Cholesterol Causes
Both heredity and environment play a role for the content of cholesterol in blood. Today we know of several hereditary forms of high cholesterol – you have a cholesterol level above 8.0 mmol / l, it is often a familial hypercholesterolemia, thus hereditary.
The diet plays a major role in cholesterol. Northern European countries have higher cholesterol levels than those living in southern Europe and Asia. One reason could be that people in Northern Europe eat less vegetables, fruit and choose saturated fat to a greater extent than unsaturated fat (like olive and canola oil).
Risk factors for high cholesterol
Patients with manifest atherosclerotic disease, patients with type II diabetes.
High Cholesterol Symptoms
Crushing pain behind the breastbone, possibly radiating to the arms or the neck associated with physical exertion and cold, angina pectoris. If the symptoms become more severe, it can be a blood clot in the coronary arteries (heart attack).
Other symptoms may include pain in the calf muscles when walking (claudication) and from the brain with symptoms such as dizziness or impaired vision (cerebral infarction, stroke, transient anemia in the brain).
What happens when there is too much cholesterol in your blood?
The blood vessels become more and more narrowed, the surface becomes more irregular and the blood may be difficult to pass freely through the veins. A blood clot can be formed and trapped in the narrowed artery. When the blood supply to a tissue area is stopped, the tissue area begin to die. That is, if the clot is in one coronary artery (one of the heart’s own blood vessels), killed the part of the heart muscle receiving blood from the clogged vessel, and a heart attack occurs.
High Cholesterol Treatment
Quit smoking, start exercising, changing your diet and ensure that blood pressure is under control.
Regular jogging helps to reduces the risk of heart disease and high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and a wide variety of other health problems.
Get aware with the things you need to know regarding nutrition. Eat more vegetables, fruits and berries. Add more fiber rich foods in your diet such as wholemeal bread, pasta, rice and potatoes. Soft or liquid fats such as olive or canola oil is recommended while cooking. Fish and lean meats are recommended, especially oily fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines have proven to be very good for maintaining healthy cholesterol levels. Therefore, it is good to eat fatty fish at least twice a week. Eat less saturated fat, found in fatty cheese, cream, candy, sugar and fat meat and processed meat products. Moderate amounts of alcohol (about 2 oz / day) appears to have beneficial effect on on triglyceride levels.